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Our Institute,  has been around  for over 20 years and it keeps operating with one purpose: To make your dreams come true!   Our recognized infertility specialists in cooperation with you and with respect to your wishes and needs, develop a personalized fertility treatment plan. Our city of Chania, in Crete/Greece, is an all-time favorite destination for tourists around the world and, if you are interested in our services, our fertility center offers the chance for an even greater vacation full of adventure and happiness!
 

Female Infertility

Infertility in women can be explained as the inability to conceive within the first twelve (12) months of trying.  Approximately 15% of couples attempting to conceive will experience infertility.  Female infertility has a higher percentage than male infertility.
Common infertility factors may be:

Age

For reasons that are yet to be known, age is one of the main factors able to cause infertility in women. The number of the eggs decreases at a rapid rate as the woman ages. As the aging process begins the chances of an egg being genetically normal and having a good quality drop.

Ovarian Factor 

This factor is related either to hormonal deficiency that can happen after ovulation or to the release of the egg during the cycle (which is also called anovulation ), and can result in non-optimal conditions for the implantation of the fertilized ovum in the uterus.
Other factors are :

  • POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME

One of the most common gynecological hormonal disorders.
Every year a high percentage of women display the syndrome and it’s mostly due to abnormalities related to hormones such as overproduction of androgens by the ovaries. The type of treatment depends on the symptoms presented by every woman.

  •  EARLY OVARIAN FAILURE
    Absence of menstrual period in combination with increased gonadotropins and reduced estrogen in blood, can cause early ovarian failure in women younger than 40 years old.
    The symptom that usually leads women to the gynecologist is the disorder of the menstrual cycle. The result of the disease is the production of few and poor quality eggs or no eggs at all
  • HYPERPROLACTINAEMIA
    Prolactin travels through the bloodstream inside the female body and it’s main purpose is the production of breast milk.
    High production of this hormone can reduce fertility by blocking the action  of two other hormones responsible for the induction of ovulation and oocyte maturation
    FALLOPIAN TUBE FACTOR
    The process of fertilization takes place, mostly, in the fallopian tubes.
    Any condition a woman has, and is related to the good function or the anatomy of those tubes can affect fertility.

    The most important factors are:

    HYDROSALPINX
    The created links between the surfaces of two or more tissues or organs that are not normally connected, are called Adhesions. When Adhesions exist in the ovaries and the fallopian tubes, both mobility of the tubes and the transfer of the egg will get affected, and it will result in a reduced possibility of pregnancy and an increased possibility of an ectopic pregnancy

    • CLOSED TUBES (FALLOPIAN TUBE CANAL OBSTRUCTION)
    Fallopian tube canal obstruction it is what its called when the fallopian tube which is closed at the end  contains fluid.
    This fluid could also be toxic substances and it can prevent growth an embryo implantation making the fallopian tube non- fuctional.

    INTRAUTERINE FACTOR
    This category is all the pathological conditions of the uterine cavity. The main effect is to prevent implantation of the fetus  within the uterus. The most important factors are:

    • FIBROIDS
    During the first three months of pregnancy, the growth of fibroids is the most common cause of miscarriages. The location, size, and number of the fibroids contribute to increased uterine contractions, or/and  reduced implantation rates. Symptoms include intense period pain and abnormally increased bleeding.
    • ENDOMETRIAL ADHESIONS
    Surgery is the main cause of these adhesions. Non surgical causes can be infections, chemotherapy, or a pathological condition.
    They are characterized by the appearance of scar tissue in the uterine cavity, caused by inflammation , or by injury of the endometrium. This can result in an impossibility of the implantation of the ebryo in the uterus and increased frequency of miscarriages.
    • ENDOMETRIAL HYPERPLASIA
    Estrogens and progesterone control the endometrial thickening process. If they are out of balance, hyperplasia can happen by the excessive growth  of endometrial cells. This makes the uterus not functional . A more complex form of hyperplasia can be treated by hysteroscopy.