Couples use sperm donation (SD) when the husband/partner has low semen analysis or no sperm or when there is a genetic abnormality that could be inherited to the child. Single women who want a biological child can also choose the SD method. This method requires a good psychological state of mind and it is highly recommended that anyone who wants this should visit a mental health counselor first.
ANONYMOUS SPERM DONORS
The anonymous donor’s sperm is acquire by the patients as a frozen sample coming from approved cryopreservation banks. Donor selection is a purely personal choice and you need to have the peace and time needed. Every patient is individually responsible for paying the bank for the genetic material and for its transportation to the clinic.
Sperm cryopreservation banks may offer some donor information such as:
• Medical history and health level
• Professional level
• Educational level
It is possible that some banks will provide photos of the donor. They also provide a minimum number of semen mobility per vial for good sperm quality as well as certification of good sperm quality. Patients should always be aware and careful of these prices as they are crucial to the decision they are about to make.
Donors must have undergone screening to detect the presence of (any possible) infections such as syphilis or hepatitis B and chlamydia. Donor’s sperm should also be tested for the (possible) presence of white blood cells indicating potential infection within the reproductive system. These microorganisms can be transmitted from the sperm of the male to the female system and some of them can cause serious harm to the fetus and the woman.
RESERVING DONOR SPERM
If an IVF attempt fails or the patient is interested in having a second child, there is a chance that the same sperm sample, from the same donor cannot and therefore will not be found. When the donor is chosen by the patient, it is safe to ensure that the sperm of the donor will not be exhausted until there’s a successful pregnancy. It is recommended that a sufficient amount will be reserved before starting the treatment process.
In most cases, having a second child (or more) in the future is not possible because the sperm will have been exhausted by then. Experienced laboratory teams can guide the woman and help her understand all the issues regarding quality, quantity and sperm storage.
SPERM DONATION AND INSEMINATION
Most of the patients who use sperm donation start their efforts with the method of insemination. In most cases, doctors in fertility centers choose to administer fertility drugs with clomiphene or gonadotropins in order to induce ovulation in women or to increase egg production to multiply the chances of fertilization.
SPERM DONATION AND IVF
If some insemination attempts are done without resulting in successful pregnancy or if additional infertility factors have been discovered, the next step is IVF with a sperm donor. If sperm concentration and / or mobility is low, the embryologist may suggest thawing another vial to achieve better fertilization rates.