Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty, liposculpture is a cosmetic surgery operation that removes fat from many different sites on the human body. Areas affected can range from the abdomen, thighs and buttocks, to the neck, backs of the arms and elsewhere. Liposuction — removal of unwanted, localized fat by suction technique — is a surgical procedure that offers an improved body contour with minimal scarring. Liposuction is used to remove the superficial layer of fat rather than the deep one. Some areas of the body respond better to liposuction. It is most commonly performed on the abdomen, hips, thighs and flanks.