WHAT IS MICROFERTILIZATION ICSI?
Microfertilization Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is an IVF method that happens under a powerful miscroscope, with only one sperm being injected directly to the egg.
Microfertilization ICSI is successfully performed around the world since the early ’90s and has brought a revolution to male infertility treatment, giving hope to many infertile couples to have their own child.
WHEN IS ICSI MICROFERTILIZATION USED?
The technique is generally indicated in cases of severe male infertility such as myospermia, and in cases of unexplained inability to fertilize the egg. ICSI can also be used in cases of azoospermia or other reasons. With the help of a urologist, sperm is extracted from the testicular tissue either with TESE under anesthesia or after testicular aspiration from the testicles and epididymis.
WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE OF ICSI MICROFERTILIZATION?
During ICSI the embryologist inserts a single sperm into the cytoplasm of each egg to fertilize. A holding pipette, under a high-powered microscope stabilizes the egg on one side while on the opposite side a thin, needle containing the sperm is inserted into the cytoplasm. Following ICSI Microfertilization, development and growth of embryos are no different from embryos fertilized through a conventional IVF treatment cycle.
The success of the ICSI technique depends on many different factors, such as sperm viability,effective egg activation, the ability of the egg to withstand intra-cytoplasmic manipulation, and egg quality. The fertilization rate per egg using this technique is 65-75%.